How To Start A Business In Nigeria

How To Start A Business In Nigeria

How To Start A Business In Nigeria – The principal law guiding the commencement of a business in Nigeria is the Companies and Allied Matters Act (CAMA) Cap C20. Various types of business entities can be registered in Nigeria. The choice of business to set up is determined by different factors e.g cost, control, limitation of liability, tax implications the complexity of formation, purpose, capital, and ongoing administration.

The main dream of most Entrepreneurs is to have their own business. Having your own business is good because you can make your decisions without your boss looking over your shoulder. But as cool as it is, commencing a profitable business is a very demanding task that only a few businesses survive.

According to Collins Dictionary, Business is work relevant to the production, buying, and selling of goods or services. You don’t need a huge sum of money in your bank account or a degree to run your own business.

However, what you need to commence a business is a good business idea, a great execution plan, and a desire to wake up every morning and keep grinding. In this article, we will be the major things you need to know about how to start a business in Nigeria.

How To Start A Business In Nigeria

1. Examine yourself

Since you have made up your mind to commence a business, you need to carefully examine yourself by asking these questions to yourself.

· Do I possess the skills needed to run this business?

· Do I acquire what it takes to lead a team?

· Do I have what it takes to raise capital for business?

· Do I have the desire, passion, and motivation to make this a success?

Therefore, be very sincere with your answers, and if your answers to the above questions are “YES”, then you are ready to commence your own business.

2. Look for a business idea

When it comes to commencing a business, note that not all business ideas are worth starting at all. The best business ideas are practical, unique, needed by the market, and easy to scale. In the quest for a business idea, start by considering what problems exist in your environment and try to give a solution to such a problem and monetize it.

Moreover, if your business idea is completely new, think of what your business can provide and focus on how to develop something better and cheaper. You may need to ask questions from people in your environment, make your research and seek advice from entrepreneurs.

3. Conduct market research

Before beginning a business, ensure that you have a good understanding of such business. Try carrying out market research by asking your potential audiences a few questions about the problem you will like to solve for them.

Also research on existing direct and indirect competitions that are currently in the market. Try to assimilate their products and services and how you think your business can be unique amongst them.

4. Feedback

It is one thing to carry out market research when you want to start a business, it’s another thing to properly make use of the feedback gotten from your research. The whole essence of this is to assist you to know more about the business you want to start and assist to form a strong foundation for the business.

You wouldn’t want to commence a business today and it starts degrading tomorrow or instead of watching your business grow, it starts to fall. That’s why you need to learn how to stay in charge of a business.

5. Create a business plan

A business plan contains background information about the organization or team attempting to reach its goals.

Every business needs a plan. In commencing a business, a business plan assists you to stay focused and organized. Remember that organizational skill is one of the skills that makes a successful entrepreneur. Therefore, in writing your business plan, you check out some business plan samples online to serve as a guide for you.

6. Get business funding

Beginning a business does not only needs your skills and effort but also your money. Every business needs startup capital which will be utilized in funding the day-to-day operations of the business.

In case you do not have the needed capital required to start the business, there are various ways (bank loans, grants, equity investments, etc.) to look for funding for a new business. Most businesses fall due to lack of funding therefore ensure you’ve enough capital that will cater to the financial downtimes.

7. Business Registration

Registration of business is very important for everyone that wants to start a business. You need to register your business with the government of your country or with the body in charge of business registration in your country. Registering your business with authorized bodies gives validity and authenticity to your business.

8. Build Your Team

If you are deciding to be the only one running your business, then you may not need to build a team. But if you are going to employ people, you need to build a strong team.

You need to build a strong team for your business because these people are needed to contribute to the growth of your business but if the team is not well organized, they can as well assist to bring down your business. So try to build it to grow and succeed.

9. Grow Your Business

Growth is important to the survival of a business. Any business that is not growing will surely fall no matter how long it takes. Ensure you do everything possible to make sure the constant growth of your business.

The number one method to measure the growth of a business is a steady positive cash flow. The more cash flow a business receives the more ability it has to grow and increase the business. Therefore, ensure that you have the right tools to assist you to keep track of your cash flow from day one of the business.


It might seem overwhelming to commence a business in 2023, but the best way to begin is to start your first step. You can develop your start-up to become successful through dedication, grit, detailed planning, teamwork, and marketing. You can as well follow these steps to establish proper planning, team building, and adequate marketing strategies to make sure that you have a solid plan to accomplish your goals and business ideas.

Frequently Asked Question(s)

How much does it cost to start a business in Nigeria?

If you want to register a sole proprietorship, the cost of registration is N15,000. If you want to register a limited company, the cost of registration is N50,000. So, the total cost of registering a business in Nigeria is N100,000. This amount is usually paid in cash or through web-based money transfer services.

Can I start a business with zero money?

It’s absolutely possible to start a business with no money, or at least with so little you’ll hardly miss it. If you’re ready to apply hard work, ingenuity, and resourcefulness, your business can be up and running in no time. 

Can a poor person start a business?

Today more than ever money is not required to start a business with plenty of private equity firms and angel investors looking to fund the next big idea. Therefore, it is important to prepare a good business plan and a pitch presentation to showcase the idea to friends, family and investors.

What is the cheapest business type to start?

  • Content creation.
  • Personal or virtual assistant.
  • Event planning services.
  • Errand/concierge service.
  • Professional reviewer.
  • Social media consultant.
  • Etsy shop. .
  • Online courses and tutoring.

What are the 5 most profitable businesses?

  • Business Consulting
  • IT Support, Technology Consulting, and Repair.
  • Cleaning Services.
  • Accounting and Tax Preparation.
  • Auto Repair.
  • Real Estate.


  • – How To Start A Profitable Business With Little Capital In Nigeria
  • – 8 Steps to start a business in Nigeria
  • – Requirements for starting a business in Nigeria


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