How To Start A Snail Farming Business In Nigeria

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How To Start A School Business In Nigeria

The snail farming business in Nigeria is known to be one of the fastest-growing businesses in the country. Snail farming is actually considered both a hobby and a serious business. In addition, it is not just limited to farmers in Nigeria; they are also exported locally to other countries like Japan, the United Kingdom, and America.

The process of snail farming starts with finding out where the snails can be found. Locating these snails starts by getting fresh water for them and finding food for them to eat, such as grass or leaves, so that their shell is protected from harm.

Snail farming in Nigeria is a lucrative and sustainable business venture. Snail farming can be divided into three major aspects:

  • Raising snails,
  • Processing and packaging snails,
  • Marketing and selling snails.

A snail farmer in Nigeria needs to start with a well-thought-out business plan that can be used as the basis for all future decisions. One should have both short-term and long-term goals when starting this kind of business. Because it is nearly impossible to market your produce before you are able to produce it, a snail raising business should not neglect production and quality control in order to focus on marketing from the start.

One should, however, also take care to ensure they are in the right place at the right time as snail farming is seasonal. It is a good idea to have a backup plan (such as selling snails in other markets) when the season is not favorable.

Relationships with suppliers, customers, and the local community are important to the success of any snail farmer. As a part of this, you should make sure you keep up with government regulations such as feed and relocation laws and ensure that your snails are correctly tagged so that they can be traced if stolen.

How to start a snail farming business in Nigeria

Here are steps for starting a snail farming business in Nigeria:

  • Purchase an acre of land in a rural area.
  • Find a market to sell your snails at.
  • Buy the required seed snails and equipment for production.
  • Construct the farm, breed the snails, and harvest them when they are ready to be sold.
  • Start marketing the product before you get the first harvest.

There is no definite way to be successful in this kind of farming because all these processes are different for each individual person and grower as well.

Factors to Consider in Starting a Snail Farming Business

  • The first thing you need to do before starting snail farming, or any other form of agriculture, is select the species of snail you want to farm. There are many different species of snails available on the market, and each one has its own characteristics that make it suitable for different types of environments. One must consider these characteristics when deciding what kind of yabbies they want to farm.
  • There are many factors that can be considered before starting a snail mail business, but there are a few key factors that are very important. One of the most important things to consider is the space and time you have for farming.
  • You should also consider whether you have another profitable business that allows you to devote your time to this new project. This will help you determine how much money you will be able to make from this business.
  • Another factor that is very important in snail farming is water quality. There are many different factors that may change the quality of the water, for example, pH levels and contaminants like heavy metals in both groundwater and surface water.

What You’ll Need to Start a Snail Farming Business

The materials needed to start a snail farming business are:


Snails can be bought from a local pet store and should be kept in a tank with other snails of the same species. They need to eat high-fiber foods like grass, so you’ll need to provide them with plenty of cut-up fresh cabbage, celery root, or carrots.


A one-gallon plastic container that has been drilled and fitted with an air hole will work for the housing. Add moistened newspaper strips for camouflage and decorations, and then add about two inches of dirt at the bottom for them to hide under.


A 1-gallon plastic aquarium will work for housing, and in it you’ll need a thermometer so you can keep track of the temperature. Add a sponge filter, and your snail’s container will be ready to go. You’ll also need some snail-safe food for feeding them, tanks and food to start with, and then other aquaculture supplies like rock wool, calcium, an air pump, lamps, gravel or sand test kits, airstones, as well as labels.

Snail Food:

Any variety of snails can be sustainably farmed, and they will eat any good-quality green vegetable. Cabbage, lettuce, endive, kale, spinach, bell peppers, and carrots are some of their favorites. They love to munch on celery root and parsley too. With leftover vegetables available, you should have no trouble selling them to restaurants, which will buy them for the novelty. The most popular method is to place a plate or shallow bowl of cut-up vegetables out for them every day or so, then remove what’s left for next time. They’re fast eaters and can be fed every other day if they need to be. They can be fed until they become adults, and then they’ll continue to eat and grow even if they don’t get fed.

Aquacultural Supplies:

The following foods will help the snails survive on a high-quality protein diet:

Mixed Snail Food

Algae Flakes

Wet granular food (micronized, not powdered)

* Dry Granular FoodThese dry foods have a lot of protein, so be careful about how much you feed to juveniles or baby snails, or it could stunt their growth and cause them to stop feeding.


I recommend that you start a snail farming business in Nigeria because it is profitable and there are many opportunities. You can venture from snail farming to other businesses like beekeeping or fish farming as long as you dedicate your efforts and invest in the right equipment, knowledge, and experience. It’s also important to create a success story for your startup so you can market yourself effectively. That way, you can benefit not just financially but also socially and professionally.

Frequently Asked Questions

How many months does it take snail to mature?

Maturity takes about two years. Only mature snails should be harvested. Check the brim of the shell; if it is mature enough, the brim should be thicker and harder than other parts of the shell.

What are the disadvantages of snail farming?

Snails are relatively slow-growing animals. Furthermore, consumable meat makes up only 40% (maximum!) of the snail’s total live weight. Consequently snail farming is not a way to make money quickly!

Are snails high maintenance?

Snails are low-maintenance pets. Snails can make great pets. They don’t need to be walked, they don’t shed or smell, they make no noise, they don’t require a lot of space, and it’s rather relaxing to watch them glide serenely along their terrarium.20

What food makes snails grow faster?

  • Snails Enjoy Eating Leaves and vegetables. …
  • They Don’t Joke With Soft Fleshy Fruits. …
  • Calcium Supplements Required For Snail Shells. …
  • Tuber Crops and Edible Flowers. …
  • Non-chlorinated Water. …
  • Essential and Formulated Foods.


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